Sunday, August 10, 2014

About Health Care



In line with its administrative guideline of building a quality society, the Macao SAR Government maintains its policy of “A sound healthcare system, putting prevention first” and is committed to improving medical and healthcare quality and safeguarding the health of the public.

There are three hospitals and one day hospital in Macao and 675 clinics that provide primary healthcare, among which 456 (67.6 percent) are private clinics. In addition, there are 243 Chinese medicine clinics and treatment centres.

Medical and health services providers in Macao are classified as Governmental or non-governmental. The former includes Government Health Centres for primary healthcare and Conde S. Januario Hospital, which provides specialists medical services. The latter includes medical entities subsidised by the Government and other institutions, such as Kiang Wu Hospital, the university Hospital, the Workers’ Clinic and Tung Sin Tong Clinic, as well as various private clinics and laboratories. Most medical services provided by Government Health Centres and Tung Sin Tong Clinic are basically free of charge.

A Sound Primary Healthcare Network

To realise the objective of “Health for All” advocated by the World Health Organization (WHO), the Health Bureau has established Health Centres throughout the territory. The completion of a primary health care network with Health Centres as its operational units offers all Macao residents easy access to primary health care services in their own neighbourhoods.

At present, there are six Health Centres and two Health Stations distributed throughout the different districts of Macao. Among them, the Fai Chi Kei and Areia Preta health centres are also equipped with traditional Chinese medicine clinics. All Health Centres provide prenatal care, family planning, children’s healthcare, adult healthcare, oral healthcare, student healthcare, health education and Traditional Chinese Medicine services.

The free healthcare services provided by Health Centres also include family visits, referral, vaccination, medical social work, mental health care, quit-smoking consultation, and other nursing services. All legal residents of Macao, regardless of their age or occupation, are entitled to free services at Health Centres and supplementary check ups at Conde S. Januario Hospital by referral from Health Centres.

Macao has established a sound primary healthcare network based on Government Health Centres - considered a model practice by the WHO.

Medical and Health Resources

The Macao Government devotes considerable resources to medical and healthcare. In 2012, the Government’s budget for medical and health case was about 4.01 billion patacas, an increase of 6.1 percent of 3.78 billion patacas over 2011.
In 2012, the three hospitals received 1.371 million outpatients, including 430,000 outpatients admitted to the emergency wards. In 2012, the general mortality rate was 3.4 per thousand residents, while the mortality rate for infants under one year old was 2.9 per thousand live births. Maternal mortality rate remained at zero. The average life expectancy in Macao is 82.4 years (2009-2012). The figure is on par with those of developed countries.

According to the ICD-10-CM classification system (International Classification of Disease, Tenth Edition, Clinical Modification), malignant tumours were the biggest cause of death in Macao, while diseases of the circulatory diseases and respiratory diseases ranked second and third, respectively.  In 2012, these three categories accounted for 30.9 percent, 27.1 percent and 15.3 percent, respectively, of all deaths during the year.

Perfecting the Healthcare System

In order to improve the standard of Macao’s healthcare system, the MSAR Government adopts a policy by “first improving, then reforming” the system. Through operations conducted by the Healthcare Reform Advisory Committee, a series of medical reform projects have promoted and deepened the healthcare system. A Medical Activities and Complaints Assessment Centre has also been established to mediate and handle any medical disputes.

The Health Bureau has been fully implementing different healthcare and social welfare policies, which include extending the working hours of health centres, introducing advanced medical devices, improving facilities and infrastructure of Conde S. Januario Hospital and other health centres, shortening waiting time for medical consultations, and optimising and reforming medical services.
In 2008, the Government has strengthened its cooperation with non-governmental medical service providers, to fully utilise community health resources. A medical subsidy scheme has been launched for the very first time, in an attempt to promote the use of private medical practices within the community.

In order to speed up the progress and development of Macao’s healthcare system, the Government has also signed cooperation agreements with the mainland on food safety, quarantine and inspection, development of traditional Chinese medicine, drug supervision and management, and medical education and training.

The Government has strengthened its mechanism on disease prevention and control, and enhanced the Law on Prevention and Treatment of Communicable Diseases and related regulations and ancillary measures to handle different health threats. It has also enhanced inter-departmental cooperation mechanism and capacity to tackle new forms of pandemic influenza, based on its experience in coping with dengue fever, avian flu, severe acute respiratory syndrome and H1N1 swine flu.

Macao’s Three Hospitals

Conde S. Januario Hospital

Conde S. Januario Hospital is a modern Government medical institution with advanced and comprehensive facilities. It has 86 departments including Inpatient, Outpatient, Emergency and other specialists departments. According to Health Bureau’s statistics for 2012, there were 623 beds in 14 specialist departments. Its bed occupancy rate was 85.7 percent, and patients stayed in the hospital for an average of 9.47 days

According to Health Bureau’s statistics for 2012, Conde S. Januario Hospital had 287 doctors and 763 nurses. There were a total of 740 beds; 623 in its Inpatient Department and 117 in its Outpatient Department. The Hospital treated 347,934 outpatients, 29,717 day clinic patients, 263,080 emergency cases and 18,274 inpatients in 2011. The Psychiatric Centre of Conde S. Januario Hospital has 126 beds, 81 of which are for inpatients and 45 for outpatients. During 2012, it accepted 1,271 new adult psychiatric outpatient cases.

Conde S. Januario Hospital provides free medical services for expectant mothers, new mothers, children under 10, primary and secondary school students, teachers and other school staff, patients suffering from infectious diseases, people with malignant tumours, drug addicts, the mentally ill, prisoners, civil servants, people aged 65 and above, people who hold proof of financial difficulty and inability to pay for medical services issued by Conde S. Januario Hospital, people holding Certificates of Indigence issued by the Social Welfare Bureau, and Macao permanent residents who hold Disability Assessment Cards.

Kiang Wu Hospital

Kiang Wu Hospital is a non-governmental medical and health institution administered by the Kiang Wu Hospital Charitable Association of Macao. Established in 1871, it has a 137-year history as a charitable hospital founded and operated by Chinese people. Kiang Wu Hospital has now developed into a modern and all-inclusive hospital. In 2012, it had a staff of 1,773, including 323 doctors, 542 nurses, 288 technicians and 620 health workers.

Kiang Wu Hospital has an emergency department and three outpatient departments. During 2012, its outpatient departments treated over 1.18 million patients, an average of 3,602 per day. Its emergency department treated over 160,000 patients, an average of around 455 per day. A total of 28,000 patients were discharged from the hospital during the year. In 2012, Taipa Medical Centre received 126,000 patients seeking emergency and outpatient services, an average of 383 patients per day. The Dr. Henry Y. T. Fok Specialist Medical Center was inaugurated in August 2009.

University Hospital

Established in March 2006, the University Hospital is an institution under the Macau University of Science and Technology (MUST) Foundation. It is an integrated, modern hospital that serves as the clinical and teaching base for the Faculty of Chinese Medicine and Faculty of Health Sciences of the MUST. The hospital has a team of local professional medial staff and medical consultants from overseas, mainland China and Hong Kong. The Inpatient Department has 60 beds; double rooms, single rooms and luxury rooms are available.

For more information:
Statistic and Census Service (http://www.dsec.gov.mo)
Health Bureau (http://www.ssm.gov.mo)

Thursday, July 3, 2014

These are the three ways to get Free Kids Health Insurance in Florida

If you are looking for free Florida health insurance for your children, you will be please to learn 3 ways to find free kids health insurance in Florida. Many states offer complimentary healthcare for children and the Sunshine State is no exception. It usually requires a little work to track down the information on these plans so a listing of 3 ways to find free kids health insurance in Florida is very valuable. Put this comprehensive list of 3 ways to find free kids health insurance in Florida to work now for you and your family.
Tip #1
Children's Medical Services Network is for children having special care needs. It is designed for children from birth to age 18 and is administered by two different state government departments, depending on if the care needed is behavioral or physical.
Tip #2
Florida Kidcare Medicaid program is completely free to children whose families fall under the income guidelines. It is for children from birth to the age of 18.
Tip #3
The third way is actually almost free, but the good news is many more families are eligible for it. Premiums are only $15 to $20 per month for most families. The programs are divided by age and are called Medikids for those from ages 1 to 4 and Florida Healthy Kids for those ages 5 to 18.
Compare And Save To Find Cheap
Kids Health Insurance In Florida
Even if you know the 3 ways to find free kids health insurance in Florida, you may still want to check the rates being offered by various companies to make sure you are getting the most comprehensive coverage for your child.
If you find that you are not eligible for any of the above, you definitely want to get quotes on Florida individual health insurance. It is surprisingly affordable, especially for kids. You can get quotes to compare in no time by using a free online quote tool from an independent comparison website.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=James_J._Robinson

Sunday, March 10, 2013

Helpful Tips for Parents of Children With Kidney Diseases

It is certainly devastating to know that your child has been diagnosed with chronic kidney disease. But once you have accepted this fact, you should learn how to cope with your child's CKD and participate actively in his care. This means you should work together with health care professionals.
The question that is hounding parents is how to go about it? How can they help their children? The first thing to keep in mind is to build a respectful and cooperative relationship with the health professionals who are taking care of the child's medical needs. During treatments or any hospitalizations you should try to go with your child. If there are instances where you cannot accompany your child make sure that another family member or close friend can go. It is also good to keep a record of your child's medical history so that it's easier to track medication and other treatments, especially when you are dealing with a new doctor.

Bedwetting Issues and Children's Well-Being

Parents may consider nocturnal enuresis as a natural part in the developmental stage of children but they need to make sure that their children are able to deal with it very well. Though most of the time children are able to overcome it on their own, there are those who suffer from it until they reach their adolescent stage. There are various causes for the bedwetting problem of children but with proper care and understanding from the parents, the kids will be able to outgrow it in time. What is important is that they are able to go through it without being psychologically and emotionally scarred because of unpleasant experiences that are related to bedwetting issues.
Parents may also experience some difficulties in handling bedwetting problems especially if their kids have the problem for a prolonged time. However, they must restrain themselves from punishing their kids because it will just make matters worse. They also have to understand that scolding as well as humiliating their children will not resolve the problem but it will only cause their kids to be hurt and to feel troubled for the rest of their lives. It is important for parents to determine the underlying cause of the problem. They may consult with their children's pediatrician to check that there is no medical cause.

Basic Dental Care - Infants and Children

You know that you should brush your teeth at least twice daily to maintain proper dental health. But do you know how your infant's or young child's teeth should be taken care of? It is just as important for their teeth to be maintained, to ensure healthy tooth growth and proper development.
Infants always require special attention since they cannot take care of themselves. They do not have visible teeth, but this does not mean that they do not require dental attention. On the contrary, it is quite necessary to keep their gums and mouth healthy. First, a dental history of the mother should be obtained in order to determine possible dental problems for the child. Hopefully this history will aid in disease prevention.
About the time an infant is six months old, he should be taken to a doctor and screened for signs of tooth development. Children should see a dentist by the time they are twelve months old. If they are not seen by their first birthday, they should be seen by a dentist no later than six months after the primary teeth start to develop. These are important check-ups for your child to have, just like other routine doctor visits.

Friday, January 4, 2013

Health Problems of Children Living In The Philippine Slums

Just one of the many disadvantages that poverty brings to children living in the slums in the Philippines is their poor health. While statistics from various government agencies in the Philippines as well as from international organizations like the UNICEF will tell you that infant and child mortality has decreased in the last ten years in the Philippines, health nonetheless is still a major concern, especially when it comes to children living in the slums.
It is not surprising that poor health is a direct consequence of poverty in the Philippines. For one, poverty prevents a child from getting the nutrition that he or she needs, and it is a problem that often starts right from when he or she was still inside his or her mother's womb. We all know the direct relationship of the mother's health to the health of the fetus she carries. If she does not get proper nutrition, naturally she will not give birth to a healthy baby.

Dental Health For Kids - Common Dental Problems And Solutions

Oftentimes, adults fail to see the importance of dental health for kids. Some even argue that it is just fine for children to have rotten teeth. They say kid's teeth are temporary ones and will undergo a natural or self-fix once permanent teeth start to grow. That is somehow true. But the reality is half the battle of adult dental problems is won when teeth and gums are properly cared for in the early years.
Believe it or not, tooth decay can occur as soon as nursing years. This condition is called the baby bottle tooth decay. The gums and teeth of your baby is at risk when it is in constant contact with sugars that are present in the breast milk, formulas, fruit juices and plain water with sugar. The sugars in these substances stay in the babies' mouths for a long time. Afterwards, bacteria feed on the sugar deposits and they eventually damage the gums and teeth. Tooth decay can cause pain and discomfort to children. More so, it can cause the misalignment of permanent which grow some years later.